Force Field Analysis in Lean Six Sigma Green and Black Belt

Force Field Analysis has been used in Lean Six Sigma projects both for Green Belt and Black Belt. The driving force and opposing force can have equal influence on the success of the lean six sigma project. So, it is recommended to take these factors into account before decision-making.

This article will discuss the concept of Force Field analysis, its benefits, and how to apply the concept to draft all the factors affecting a project. We will also solve an example to explain the steps involved in using the tool.

Force Field Analysis in Lean Six Sigma Green and Black Belt

What is Force Field Analysis?

Force Field Analysis was found to be an essential tool for root cause investigation that can assist you to act once the root cause has been recognized. The procedure is based on the suspicion that any circumstance is the result of strengths for and against the current state being in balance. Countering the contradicting powers (Forces) and/or expanding the favorable powers (Forces)will help initiate a alter by strengthening positives and disposing of or decreasing negatives. The apparatus is valuable for making choices by analyzing the powers for and against a alter, and for communicating the thinking behind your decision.  

  • The Constraint Field Analysis could be a system utilized to help trade choices, frequently within the context setting of vital arranging, execution, or altered administration. 
  • The system accepts there are strengths in support of the choice and powers against the decision. 
  • Force field analysis does the following: Presents the positives and negatives of a circumstance so they are effectively comparable. 
  • Constrain Field Examination was made by Kurt Lewin in the 1940s. Lewin initially utilized it in his work as a social psychologist. 
  • Today, be that as it may, it is additionally utilized in trade, for making and communicating go/no-go decisions. 
  • The thought behind Drive Field Investigation is that circumstances are kept up by a balance between strengths that drive the altar and others that stand up to change.

The figure describing the mechanism of force field analysis.

Figure 1: describing the mechanism of force field analysis and the driving forces.

What are the advantages of the Force Field Examination?

  • It gives a clear investigation for a choice to be made 
  • It distinguishes the negative powers that ought to be removed to ensure fruitful execution of the change
  • It may be a reasonable examination and permits everybody to list their aces and cons
  • It can be utilized as a gather or individual

What are some restrictions on the demonstration?

  • Some choices don’t work well with FFA, anything including well-being and security, or individual security are two striking examples 
  • The subjective nature of the scoring Some choices are complicated and can break the framework
  • It depends on all the information to be covered in the analysis. 
  • It is time-consuming when we consider the process part.

How to do force field analysis?

Force Field Analysis is drawn as a graph of two columns – “driving” and “limiting” powers, Driving strengths, such as motivations and competition. And controlling powers, such as lack of concern and hostility. 

However, the constrained field examination appears not as it were the number of contradicting strengths, but to the significance of each drive as demonstrated by the estimate of arrows.

A key alters administration procedure utilizing the drive field investigation is to diminish the number of controlling powers instead of expanding the driving forces.

Steps to do Force field analysis:

  1. Describe Your Arrangement or Proposition for Change Recognize Strengths
  2. For Change Identify Strengths Against Change 
  3. Assign Scores 
  4. Analyse and Apply

Tips to keep in your mind while doing force field analysis:

  1. Some variables, where you wish for outright certainty in arrange to create a great choice, do not fit well with this approach. 
  2. Contemplations that influence people’s wellbeing and security, for case, aren’t suited to Constrain Field Examination. 
  3. Be beyond any doubt to bargain with these fittingly, anything the result of your analysis.
  4. Bear in intellect that, whereas Drive Field Examination makes a difference you to get the effect of distinctive variables on your choice or alter, it can be subjective.
  5. If you’re making a vital choice, utilizing it nearby other decision-making instruments such as Choice Network Investigation, Decision Tree Examination, and Cost/Benefit Examination will help fortify the quality of your decision. 
  6. Don’t belittle how much work a Drive Field Examination can include. 
  7. We’ve utilized a simple example here, but there will be numerous variables that you’ll consider for complex choices and changes.

Example Exercise

Problem statement: Let us assume for a healthcare organization, the Proposed change is to add music therapy for pain management in oncology patients in the oncology unit. Now since there are different driving and opposing forces acting on this proposal, therefore, you are assigned the task to summarise all the forces involved using the tool “force field analysis”.  

Solution: Steps to be followed are: – 

  1. Describe Your Arrangement or Proposition for Change Recognize Strengths
  2. For Change Identify Strengths Against Change 
  3. Assign Scores 
  4. Analyse and Apply
  5. The Force field analysis table is described in the following table:
Driving Forces Limiting forces
Recommendation by the NationalComprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines to add music therapy and/or diversion therapy as an adjunct to pain management therapies.Support by the clinical nurse specialist on the oncology unit.Research on music therapy in oncology patients provides support that it increases relaxation and perception of pain relief by patients.Alternative therapies are commonly used by patients at home. Music therapy required additional cost.Will require documentation by the nursing staff and there is no place to document this intervention in the current computer record.There is a cost for CD equipment and CDs, which is not covered in the current budget.There is an increase in job responsibilities for the person who must manage the CDs, equipment, and library of music.Equipment must be tracked because it can be easily removed from the unit, increasing losses and therefore costs.Staff knowledge and philosophy of pain management are based on a traditional model with little knowledge about alternative forms of pain management.

Anexas Lean Six Sigma Green Belt and Black Belt courses cover Force Field Analysis in detail and train using academic definitions, sample exercises and the project uses. Take a look into our  Lean Six Sigma Green Belt and Black Belt courses to join the suitable course.

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